Relevance for the project:
- Representative of Southern European Cities
- Mediterranean temperate climate with dry and hot summers according to Köppen climate classification
- Need for a smart strategy for collection of relevant data for H&C demand and supply mapping
- Need for a smart strategy for input data collection
Lecce is a historic city of 95,200 inhabitants in southern Italy, the capital of the Lecce province. It is as well one of the most important cities of Apulia. Lecce is located 12km from the Adriatic Sea and 25km from the Ionian Sea, and covers an area of approximately 238.39 km2.
The historic centre of Lecce is characterized by rich Baroque architectural monuments made of a local stone called “Lecce stone”. The city is among the main touristic cities in Italy. Lecce is also an important agricultural centre, primarily for its olive oil and wine production, as well as an industrial centre specialising in ceramic production.
The municipality has a great potential to exploit renewable energy sources. Indeed, photovoltaic (PV) plants with an estimated total power of 52,396 kW are already installed mostly on buildings’ roofs of the city. Solar and residues/biomass from the agricultural area of the city are of strategic relevance for the future heating and cooling supply. The potential of the seawater for heating and cooling is not yet exploited.
Lecce Municipality has joined the Covenant of Mayors and it has prepared and revised the requested Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP), including a plan of implementation to improve the efficiency and sustainability of the territorial area, in 2014. According to the SEAP, Lecce Municipality aims at decreasing the CO2 emissions by 20 % until 2020, with respect to the CO2 emissions produced in 2007.
The city has a high interest in decarbonising the heating and especially the cooling systems leveraging on the use of available local sources. Needs for cooling is extremely relevant during summer holidays, not only for climatic reasons but also because of temporary peaks due to massive tourists presence.
Last but not least, Lecce is part of the SmartEnCity project (funded under the call SCC-01-2014) where it covers the role of follower city to replicate lighthouse demonstrators at urban level (including heating and cooling demonstrators). PLANHEAT will establish cooperation with this project in order to provide tools and strategies for assessing sustainable plans for heating and cooling to accompany the replication of innovative solutions at city level.